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View of YerevanArmenia, officially the Republic of Armenia, is a landlocked mountainous country in Eurasia between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, located in the Southern Caucasus. Culturally, historically and politically, Armenia is considered to be part of Europe. However, its location in the Southern Caucasus means that it can also be considered to be at the arbitary border between Europe and Asia: in other words, a transcontinental nation. Howevery, both these classifications are entirely arbitrary, as there is no easily definable geographitc difference between Asia and Europe. It shares borders with Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, Azerbaijan to the east and Iran. A former republic of the Soviet Union, Armenia is a unitary, democratic nation-state.

Armenia is on eof the oldest civilizations in the world with a rich cultural heritage, as well as the first nation to adopt Christianity as its official religion in 301.

Armenians have their own highly distinctive alphabet and language. The letters were invented by Saint Mesrop Mashtots in 405 and the alphabet consists of 39 letter.

Armenians consider themselves direct descendants of Noah, survivors of the Biblical flood. Ararat, located in the heart of Armenia, was a Holy Mountain for the people of the ancient world. Many ancient scriptures placed the Biblical Garden of Eden in the Land of Armenia also called the Land of Ararat. Armenia is included into the Lonely Planet's Top-Pick Countries, 2008 Blue list.

Armenia's Climate has attracted visitors for thousands of years. Crisp mountain air accents the atmosphere of tranquility as you are inspired by the row nature in the midst. Fertile soil radiates a natural energy that accumulated over the centuries fuelling the small country's plentiful harvests, fresh vegetables and luscious fruits. Armenia's alpine spring waters induce relaxation. In this small land are growing more than 3200 varieties of vegetation of which 120 are endemic for Armenia.

Armenian Brandy

Ararat is an Armenian brandy that has been produced by the Yerevan Brandy Company since 1887. It is made from Armenian white grapes and spring water, according to a traditional method.

"Ordinary Brandies" are aged for 3,4,5, or 6 years, the soft flavour of the Brandy being based on selected brands of wines and pure spring water, which help to create a unique taste for each type of Ararat Bandy. The "Aged Brandies" of 10, 15, 18, and 20 years each have their own unique taste and specific dark golden colour.

Armenia bandy is the part of Armenian cultural and the historical heritage.

Only local varieties of grape with special properties are used in the production an authentic Armenian brandy, based on the unique microclimate of the Ararat Valley. The method of double distillation preserves the flavour and aroma of grapes, and transfers them into the brandy spirits. The ageing of the brandies is done exclusively in oak barrels.

During the ageing process the spirit is enriched with natural flavours of dried fruits, spices, chocolate and vanilla.

Noah's Ark

Human beings have inhabitated the Armenian Plateau and Caucasus Region since over 100,000 years ago. Little is known of them, however, drawing in caves and on rocks attest to their existence. The area, situated between some of the Old World's majorwater ways, is generally considered the cradle of civilization. Additionally, the Bible records that Noah's Ark came to rest on Historic Armenia's Mt. Ararat, and there are many references of his descent from the mountain after the Great Flood.

Sites of Visit

– meaning deep pit. Khor Virap is significant in Armenian history because it is where Saint Gregory the Illuminator (the patron-saint of Armenia) was imprisoned in a deep dungeon for 13 years by the then pagan Armenian King Trdat III. According to Armenian legend, the King contracted a vile disease turning him into a wild boar. After releasing Saint Gregory from the dungeon, the King was healed by Saint Gregory and converted him to Christianity in 4th century.

– a classical Hellenistic temple which is perhaps the best-known structure and symbol of pre-Christian Armenia. It was probably built by king Tiridates I in the first century AD as a temple to the sun god Mihr. After Armenia's conversion to Christianity in the early fourth century, it was converted into a royal summer house of Khosrovidukht, the sister of Tiridates III. According to some scholars it was not a temple but a tomb and thus survived the universal destruction of pagan structures.


– the mother church of the Armenian Apostolic Church. According to scholars it was the first cathedral (but not the first church) built in ancient Armenia. The original church was built in the early fourth century by Armenia's patron saint Gregory the Illuminator, following the adoption of Christianity as a state religion by King Tiridates III. It replaced a pre-existing temple, symbolizing the conversion from paganism to Christianity. The core of the current building was built in 5th c. after the cathedral was severely damaged in a Persian invasion. From its foundation until the second half of the fifth century, Etchmiadzin was the seat of the Catholicos, the supreme head of the Armenian Church.


– The Pearl, The Emerald of Armenia. Lake Sevan is situated in the central part of Republic of  Armenia, inside the Gegharkunik Province, at the altitude of 1,900m above sea level. It is one of the highest freshwater lakes in the world.



Territory 29,800 sq.km
Population: 3,215,800
Capital Yerevan
Main Cities Yerevan
Main International airport Zvartnots International airport - EVN
  Shirak International airport - LWN
Official Language Armenian
Climate: Highland continental
Time Zone: GMT +4.00
Main Religion: Christian (Armenian Apostolic)
Currency (code) Armenian Dram (AMD)
Telephone: Country code: 374
  Area code for Yerevan: 10
Electricity 220 volts, 50 Hz




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